Παρασκευή, 4 Ιανουαρίου 2013

Απόβλητα .. πάμε λάθος .. πολύ λάθος!

Πριν λίγο καιρό είχα μια συνάντηση με τον Επίτροπο Περιβάλλοντος της ΕΕ για διάφορα θέματα. Ενα από αυτά ήταν η διαχείριση των αποβλήτων. 
Ζήτησα από τον Επίτροπο να μου στείλει καλά παραδείγματα και πρακτικές άλλων χωρών για τη διαχείριση των αποβλήτων.
Σαν απάντηση πήρα το πιο κάτω κείμενο. Στην παράγραφο C αναφέρει μεταξύ άλλων:
- landfill/incineration tax to ensure higher total costs for landfilling /incineration, use revenues to support alternative infrastructure and make recycling economically viable
 για όσους δεν το γνωρίζουν εμείς έχουμε επιλέξει την πιο ακριβή διαχείριση σκουπιδιών που είναι και η πλέον αντι-περιβαλλοντική και θα καταλήγει στην καύση - incineration!

[Αν θέλετε να μάθετε πόσο λάθος πάμε διαβάστε εδώ και κάνετε και μια έρευνα στο Google με τη λέξη Βιοξήρανση που έχουμε επιλέξει.]

Το κείμενο που μου έστειλαν:



1. EC guidelines (incl. examples of good practices) and support
a) Guidance document for the elaboration of waste management plans http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/plans/index.htm
b) Guidelines for the preparation of waste prevention programmes

c) Assisting Member States in improving waste management based on an assessment of their waste policy performance (http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/studies/index.htm ), this Commission' initiative focuses on identifying the most efficient measures to boost the implementation of waste management policies in less-performing countries. The first conclusions show that good waste management performance needs measures to be implemented at all levels. Simple and efficient key tools are clearly identified as minimal requirements to ensure good performance:
- establish good waste management planning, based on reliable statistics and following the waste hierarchy, ensuring cooperation between all different administrative levels by in-depth consultation and establishment of inter-municipal organisations
- landfill/incineration tax to ensure higher total costs for landfilling/incineration, use revenues to support alternative infrastructure and make recycling economically viable
-extend and enforce PAYT scheme and provide incentives and support for households to participate in separate collection
- establish separate collection in particular for  bio-waste and implement door-to-door collection services
- Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes for specific waste streams with adequate redistribution of revenues
- create incentives for municipalities to establish separate collection and to move towards the first steps of the waste hierarchy – by systems of subsidies/penalties, environmental awards, guidance, pilot projects, adapted fiscality and control

2. Good practices and case studies
This Interreg IVC project started in April 2012 and is about exchanging data and good practices between good- and less good- performers in Europe. It gathers 13 partners from 11 countries. A good source of information in the coming years. Upcoming seminar in Athens next week and mid-term conference in Odense (DK) in April 2013.
b) PREWASTE project http://www.prewaste.eu/
Another Interreg IVC project (2010-2012) but focused on waste prevention at local level, with lots of concrete good practices (http://www.prewaste.eu/waste-prevention-good-practices.html) and technical information about planning and monitoring.
c) RECOBALTIC project http://www.recobaltic21.net/
This project aims to improve the local and regional capacity to apply the process of implementing waste management that support the implementation of the EU Waste Management Directive. With documentation http://www.recobaltic21.net/en/waste-management-on-line-library.html and an upcoming waste management planning tool http://www.recobaltic21.net/en/waste-management-planning-system.html
d) The example of Flanders Region (Belgium)" Implementation plan for Environmentally Responsible Household Waste Management"
e) Some additional inventories of case studies and good practices from other projects:
 

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