Παρασκευή, 24 Ιανουαρίου 2014

Πληροφορίες για τη διαφθορά

Group of states against corruption - GRECO


United Nations Convention against Corruption


Background of the United Nations Convention against Corruption In its resolution 55/61 of 4 December 2000, the General Assembly recognized that an effective international legal instrument against corruption, independent of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (resolution 55/25, annex I) was desirable and decided to establish an ad hoc committee for the negotiation of such an instrument in Vienna at the headquarters of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
  Text of the United Nations Convention against Corruption
Convention highlights Prevention Corruption can be prosecuted after the fact, but first and foremost, it requires prevention. An entire chapter of the Convention is dedicated to prevention, with measures directed at both the public and private sectors. These include model preventive policies, such as the establishment of anticorruption bodies and enhanced transparency in the financing of election campaigns and political parties. States must endeavour to ensure that their public services are subject to safeguards...
Criminalization The Convention requires countries to establish criminal and other offences to cover a wide range of acts of corruption, if these are not already crimes under domestic law. In some cases, States are legally obliged to establish offences; in other cases, in order to take into account differences in domestic law, they are required to consider doing so. The Convention goes beyond previous instruments of this kind, criminalizing not only basic forms of corruption... [Read More]
International cooperation
Countries agreed to cooperate with one another in every aspect of the fight against corruption, including prevention, investigation, and the prosecution of offenders. Countries are bound by the Convention to render specific forms of mutual legal assistance in gathering and transferring evidence for use in court... [Read More]


Asset recovery
In a major breakthrough, countries agreed on asset-recovery, which is stated explicitly as a fundamental principle of the Convention. This is a particularly important issue for many developing countries where high-level corruption has plundered the national wealth, and where resources are badly needed for reconstruction and the rehabilitation of societies...  [Read More]
Υπογράψαμε?
CountrySignatureRatification, Acceptance (A), Approval (AA), Accession (a), Succession (d)
Cyprus    9 Dec 200323 Feb 2009


Fighting corruption: a stronger commitment for greater results

Τα πιο πολλά δικηγορικά γραφεία που ασχολούνται με εταιρείες εκτός Κύπρου έχουν πληροφορίες για τη διαφθορά. Φαίνεται ότι συμπληρώνουν ένα είδος ερωτηματολογίου, ένα παράδειγμα πιο κάτω.

Cyprus is a member of the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) of the Council of Europe.
As pointed out in GRECO’s Third Round Evaluation Report on Cyprus, “Cyprus has ratified the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 173) and its Additional Protocol (ETS 191) and made the offences contained in
these instruments directly applicable as domestic law.
However, despite the fact that this legislation has been in force for several years, it has never been applied by the prosecutorial authorities nor by the courts.
Instead, theses authorities have continued to exclusively apply old legislation concerning corruption offences, which does not comply with the requirements of the Criminal Law Convention and its Additional Protocol.
The co-existence of old and new legislation which overlap makes the legal framework in respect of corruption offenc
es inconsistent. For the sake of legal clarity, GRECO sees a clear need to establish a uniform legal framework and
to make sure that it is applied in practice.”
Christina Orphanidou LL.B (Hons), LL.M
Marianna Georghadji BSc Econ, LL.B (Hons), LPC 

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